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電動汽車真的環保嗎?

文章出處:同輝汽車網查看手機網址
掃一掃!電動汽車真的環保嗎?掃一掃!
人氣:-發表時間:2017-02-18 11:17【

SHAMENDAXUEZHONGGUONENGYUANZHENGCEYANJIUYUANYUANCHANGLINBOQIANGJIAOSHOUCENGDUOCIBIAOSHI:WUMAIWENTIDEBENZHISHINENGYUANWENTI。ERDIANDONGQICHEDEXINGQI,WUYISHILIANJIENENGYUANWENTIYUHUANJINGWENTIDEYIGEXIAOXIAOSUOYING。

英豪彩票开户PUTONGRANYOUCHEZHIJIERANSHAOQIYOU/CHAIYOUYITIGONGDONGLI,PAIFANGRANSHAOHOUDEWEIQIWURANHUANJING。NEIMEDIANDONGCHENI?DIANDONGCHEYIKAODIANNENG,BUPAIFANGWEIQI,DANSHIDIANNENGCONGHEERLAI?FADIANGUOCHENGZHONGZAOCHENGDEHUANJINGWURANRUHEJISUAN?ZUOWEIERCINENGYUAN,DIANNENGZHENDEBIZHIJIERANYOUGENGJIAQINGJIEMA?TONGHUIQICHEZUOWEIHUANWEICHEDEZHONGDIANSHENGCHANQIYE,DUIZHEGEWENTIYESHENWEIGUANZHU。

ZHENDUIZHEYIWENTI,YIQUNMEIGUOKEXUEJIAJINXINGLEYANMIDEDIAOCHA,BINGJIANLILEJINGJIXUEMOXING。TAMENDEJIEGUOXIANSHI,ZAIQUANMEIFANWEINEIPINGJUNERYAN,DIANDONGQICHEDUIHUANJINGZAOCHENGDESHIJIWURANGAOYUTONGPINPAIDUIYINGXINGHAODECHAIYOUCHE/QIYOUCHE,ERDIYUJIANCHAYIDEJUEDINGYINSUZAIYUFADIANFANGSHIDEBUTONG。HUANJUHUASHUO,QINGJIEDEYICINENGYUANCAISHIJIEJUEHUANJINGWENTIDEGENBENFANGXIANG。MEIGUODEZHEXIANGYANJIU,YEGEIWOGUODENENGYUANFAZHANDAILAILEQISHI。

DIYUCHAYI  :SHUIDIAN vs MEIDIAN,QINGJIENENGYUANFANGZHIGENBEN

英豪彩票开户ZAIQUANMEIGEDI,QIYOUCHEZAOCHENGDEHUANJINGWURANCHABIEBUDA,ZHIZAICHENGQUBINONGCUNLVEGAO,ZHESHIYINWEICHENGQURENKOUMIDUGENGGAO,SUOYIMOXINGZHONGWURANZAOCHENGDE“RENTIJIANKANG”SUNSHIZHIGENGGAO。

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燃油車造成環境污染的地域分布圖

而電動汽車所造成污染的地域間差異則十分明顯(見下圖)

113563956649568051.jpg

電動汽車造成環境污染的地域分布圖

將兩圖相減,我們可以發現:在美國西部地區,電動汽車造成的環境污染其實要低于汽油車;而在東部地區情況則剛好相反

400334943527245133.jpg

依照本研究模型得出的,各地政府應為每臺電動車提供的“環境補貼”。圖中綠色區域中電動汽車的污染水平低于燃油車,政府應為電動車提供環境補貼;而黃色和紅色區域中電動汽車的污染水平高于燃油車,政府應向電動車收取環境稅。

ZAOCHENGDIANDONGQICHEWURANSHUIPINGDIYUCHAYIDEYINSUBAOKUOTIANQIYINSU(GAOWENHEDIWENTIAOJIANXIA,DIANDONGQICHEDENENGHAODOUHUISHENGGAO)DENG,DANQIZHONGDEJUEDINGYINSUZAIYUMEIGUOSANDADIANWANGZHIJIANNENGYUANJIEGOUDECHAYI。

MEIGUODEDIANWANGTIXIYOUDONGBU、XIBUHEDEKESASIZHOUSANDADIANWANGTIXIGOUCHENG,SANGETIXIJIANCUNZAIDIANNENGDEJIAOHUAN,DANJIBENSHANGBAOCHIZIGEIZIZU。ZHESANDADIANWANGTIXIZHONG,NENGYUANJIEGOUCHAYIJUDA,XIBUDUOSHUIDIAN、DONGBUDUOMEIDIAN、DEKESASIDUOTIANRANQIDIAN。ZHENGSHIZHEZHONGNENGYUANJIEGOUDECHAYI,SHIPIANZHONGQINGJIESHUIDIANDEXIBUNENGGOUQUBIEYUPIANZHONGHUASHINENGYUANDELINGWAILIANGDAQUYU,HUODEDIANDONGQICHEDEHUANJINGYOUSHI。

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美國三大電網體系能源結構差異。圖源參考資料[2]

英豪彩票开户ZHONGGUOWUMAI:DIANDONGQICHEZHUANYIWURANHUONENGZHIBIAO;NENGYUANGAIGEQIANLUMANMANWEIJIANSHUGUANG

SHANGSHUYANJIUSUIRANZAIMEIGUOJINXING,DANTONGYANGDEXIANSHIQINGKUANGYEBIRANCUNZAIYUZHONGGUO。ZHONGGUODIANWANGZHONGHUASHINENGYUANZHANBIYUEWEI75%,YUMEIGUODEDEKESASIDIANWANGXIANGDANG(HUOLVEDI),GAOYUMEIGUODONG、XIBUDIANWANGSHUIPING;ERYUDEKESASIDIANWANGXIANGBI,ZHONGGUODIANWANGGENGDUOYILAIMEIDIANERFEITIANRANQIDIAN。YINCI,ZHONGGUODIANNENGDEZHENGTIQINGJIECHENGDUDIYUMEIGUO,DIANDONGQICHEZAIZHONGGUOSUOZAOCHENGDESHIJIWURANYEBIRANGAOYURANYOUCHE。

RANER,WOMENQUEBUNENGFOURENDIANDONGQICHEZAICISHIFAZHANDEJIAZHI:TAMENSUIRANBUNENGZHENDEJIANSHAOWURAN,DANKEYIZHUANYIWURAN,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANGDIDACHENGSHIDEHUANJINGYALI。LINGWAI,CONGCHANGQILAIKAN,DIANDONGQICHERENGSHIWEILAIDEFAZHANQUSHI,ZAIJIAOHAODENENGYUANJIEGOUXIADEQUEKEYIJIANGDIWURAN。

英豪彩票开户RANERZHIBENNI?NENGYUANJIEGOUGAIGERUHETUIJIN?ZAI“TANPAIFANGQUANJIUSHIFAZHANQUAN”DEFAZHANTIELVZHIXIA,ZHONGGUOZHENDEYIJINGKEYIXIADINGJUEXIN,XISHENGFAZHANLAIGAIGENENGYUAN、ZHONGJIANHUANJINGLEMA?

英豪彩票开户2YUE13RIMEITIXIAOXI,GUOJIAGUOFANGKEJIGONGYEJUFUJUCHANG、GUOJIAYUANZINENGJIGOUFUZHURENWANGYIRENJIESHOUZHUANFANGSHIBIAOSHI,NEILUHEDIANZHANDEXUANZHIJIBENQUEDING,“SHISANWU”QIJIANYOUWANGKAIGONGJIANSHE。WANGYIRENTIDAODENEILUHEDIANZHANXUANZHIBAOKUOHUNANTAOHUAJIANG、HUBEIXIANNING、JIANGXIPENGZEDENG。ERJUPENGPAIXINWENTONGJI,CHUSHANGSHU3GENEILUHEDIANXIANGMUWAI,ZHENGZAIKAIZHANQIANQIGONGZUODENEILUHEDIANCHANGZHIDA30YUGE。

英豪彩票开户RANER,ZHEXIEHEDIANXIANGMUWUFAYANGAIZHONGGUOHEDIANSHIYEZAIFUDAOSHIGUHOUDEZHENGTIDIMI。BUJINRUCI,HEDIAN、FENGDIAN、TAIYANGNENGFADIANDENGQINGJIEFADIANZHUANGZHIYUJIYOUHUODIANDIANWANGDEXIANJIEWENTIRENGDAIJIEJUE。NENGYUANJIEGOUGAIGEYUHUANJINGWENTIDEZUIZHONGJIEJUE,QIANLUMANMAN,WEIJIANSHUGUANG。

CANKAOZILIAO:

英豪彩票开户[1] Are There Environmental Benefits from Driving Electric Vehicles? The Importance of Local Factors, Stephen P. Holland, Erin T. Mansur, Nicholas Z. Muller, and Andrew J.Yates, American Economic Review 2016, 106(12): 3700–3729

[2] ,ZHONGDIANLUNTAN

英豪彩票开户[3] ,MEIRIJINGJIXINWEN

YINZIKEYANQUAN




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